Preparing For The Funeral Of A Loved One

When a loved one dies, it is but natural to grieve and mourn for our loss. But aside from having to undergo the grieving process, more often than not, family members who are left behind are also constrained to face the inevitable and prepare for the funeral. No matter how much we would love to hold on to our loved ones, we know that ultimately we will bid them goodbye and this is where we know that having a meaningful and well-prepared memorial ceremony is important.

Funral Home

But how do we start? The bereaved are already burdened with grief but they also have to take charge of the preparations. This can prove to be stressful especially when there are no pre-arranged burial plans. Planning a funeral is not an easy task, more so when the one preparing for it is also suffering from his loss. There are a lot of decisions to be made, details to consider, and the choice of which appropriate ceremony is suitable to the status and position of the one who has died.

A person who is preparing the memorial service for his loved usually finds himself asking the following questions:

1. Interment or Burial

Will it be a traditional burial or a cremation?

2. Memorial Ceremony

What kind of ceremony is required by the religious affiliation or cultural background of the deceased? Who will officiate the burial ceremony? Will the rites be open to the public or simply a private one?

3. Clothing

What will be the appropriate attire to dress the body with?

4. Casket

What kind of casket will the deceased most likely prefer?

5. Obituaries

Which newspaper will carry the announcement? Or will there be an announcement at all?

6. Viewing

Will there be an open casket viewing? For how long will the viewing take place? Or will there be a viewing in the first place?

It is a good thing that there are already a lot of memorial chapels that are well-equipped with services dealing with matters such as those mentioned above. And what is more, these entities can be easily accessed through the internet. This means that all a person planning for a memorial has to do is to open his laptop and use the internet to check which chapels offer the desired memorial services and which ones are located in or near the area where the burial is supposed to take place.

Most memorial homes have funeral directors or managers who can assist in the preparations for the memorial ceremonies. These are people who are already equipped with the necessary knowledge to help in the decision-making, from which method of interment to use, to the type of ceremony, and more importantly, to the cost of the services needed. They are capable of giving practicable advice on how to go about with a desired budget without necessarily sacrificing the necessary details in order to confer a memorable ceremony to our loved one who has passed away.

Indeed, planning a funeral for a loved one may be tedious, stressful, and confusing. It may require time, effort, and some serious decision-making. But for someone that we love, we also want the best. That is why even though it may be difficult and as much as we would want to shy away from these things and focus on our grief, we know that there is nothing more practicable and actually, more helpful in dealing with our sorrow, than to make sure that our loved one gets the utmost attention and care even in his last moments on earth. We honor our loved one’s memory when we give him or her the best that we can.

Gentry Griffey is the only funeral home in Knoxville that offer funeral homes services that are completed on-site by our professional and licensed staff.Funeral homes offer funeral services in packages or plans.

Guidelines in Creating PCB Fabrication Instructions


PCBs have a wide range of applications, especially in today’s world full of electronic products. From cellular phones, tablets, high-speed computers and laptops, to household appliances and into more sensitive applications in aerospace industries, weapons, military, medicine and scientific research, PCBs are at the heart of all of these.

Pcb fabrication

PCB fabrication process starts with the creation of the PCB design. Along with the design are the instructions for the fabrication process. This section is very important because the entire assembly process depends on it.

Relevant information like the following should be in the printed circuit board fabrication instruction:

1.  Hole sizes (drill holes where components are later mounted) – should contain information on the tolerances and plating requirements
2.  Dimensions of the edges, such as holes or other features
3.  Details of the outline of the board including all dimension and tolerance requirements
4.  Type of preferred surface finish
5.  Finished Copper Weights
6. Solder mask requirements
7. Technical contact information
8. Silkscreen requirements
9. Finished Board thickness, including tolerances, and measurement criteria
10.  Any additional requirements such as controlled dielectrics, impedance, plugged vias, etc.

The PCB fabrication instructions can be found in the following files:

BOM (Bill of Materials)

This file contains a complete description of the different parts and electronic components and where these are placed on the printed circuit board. The BOM should have the following information:

1.  Line / Item #
2. Reference Designator
3. Part Description
4. Part Number (Digi-Key part numbers are ok)
5. Quantity Per (# of instances of a single part number)
6. Type (SMT, through-hole, fine-pitch, or BGA / leadless)
7. Package (QFN32, SOIC, 0805, etc.)

Gerber Files

Gerbers are also required by manufacturers, which are generated by CAD program using the RS-274X program. The minimum requirements include trace, silkscreen and solder paste layers.

In simple terms, a Gerber file is like a PDF file. This is the core component that is very crucial in the supply chain of the electronics manufacturing field. This is the standard file format used in the electronics industry, which communicates critical design information for the different types of PCB before PCB fabrication gets under way.

The above mentioned RS-274X program is the newer file format. It contains all the information for a single layer of printed circuit board in just a single file.

Gerber files contain the following information:

1. Configuration parameters

This controls several factors in the assembly such as the rendering process, geometry (black drawn on white or white drawn on black)

2.  Macro and aperture definitions (AD and AM parameters)

Macros or AM parameters refer to the complex shapes that will be used for registration marks, lettering, logo and other special geometry for the design. Apertures determine the thickness of the copper traces and the shape and size of the pads.

3.  Drawing commands

These refer to the geometric shapes, lines arcs and flashes drawn on the circuit board hat refer to the traces, components and pads.

4.  X and Y coordinate

This refers to the orientation of the components in relation to the width and length of the board.


Centroid refers to the XY data or the pick-and-place or insertion data. This will determine the specific part and its position on the board. This file is in the ASCII Text format, which includes the Theta, X and Y orientations. The X axis refers to the length of the board and the Y-axis refers to the width of the printed circuit board. It also includes which side of the board the components go and the reference designator.

Assembly Instructions, drawings and photos

These are not generally asked for in the PCB fabrication process but these will greatly help in the easy and accurate manufacture and carrying out of instructions for special PCB assembly. These are strongly recommended when the assembly requires non-standard processes or if ambiguous placements are required.